From the Publisher In this book, Horkheimer surveys and demonstrates the gradual ascendancy of Reason in Western philosophy, its eventual total application. ECLIPSE OF REASON. By MAX HORKHEIMER. New York, Ox- ford University Press, PP. I This book is a remarkably penetrating study of the status. In this book, Horkheimer surveys and demonstrates the gradual ascendancy of Reason in Western philosophy, its eventual total application to all spheres of life, .

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You can find my complete analysis on my Blog Eclipse construes this in terms of a loss of autonomy, which would involve our creatively developing drives and desires into ideal ends that could orient the ways we act on our environments see, for example, Jun 21, Kevin Mckinney rated it it was amazing. How to write a hrokheimer review Horkheimrr Say what you liked best and least Describe the author’s style Explain the rating you gave Don’t Use rude and profane language Include any personal information Mention spoilers or the book’s price Recap the plot.

Subjective reason, in the sense used in this book, treats the ends chosen by polls and markets as part of the natural environment.

Selected EssaysM. Subjective reason thus falls into incoherence, because as the drive toward self-preservation becomes more and more all encompassing, any real conception of the significance of what is to be preserved is lost. Explore the Home Gift Guide.

Interfaces of the Word. Part of a series on the. The postmodernist version of critical theory, on the other hand, by celebrating the new emasculated, neutralized, impotent form of reason rather than resisting it, seems to have inherited the description of the battle from Horkheimer only to take the opposite side. Horkheimer defines true reason as rationality, which can only be fostered in an environment of free, critical thinking.

Finally, Horkheimer views this outlook in terms of what it means for the individual. Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. His full return to Germany would follow shortly, and in July he was restored to his professorship at the University of Frankfurt. The second is an examination of this view and how it impacts our relationship to nature. The issue is that reason throws into doubt any claim to the absolute.


Max Horkheimer

This point, then, provides the space where Horkheimer can link his own materialist theory, and the work of the Institute, to the broadly Marxian aim of emancipation through overcoming the capitalist order. Marxists should have been pessimistic since World War I seeing how their ideas horkheiker over the 20th century, but should have realized the fault is Marxism itself and not western civilization.

A Farewell to Truth. Please review your cart. The upshot of these views seems to be that reason is self-destructive in a way that limits the very possibility of a rational critique of reason. Add all three to Cart Add all three to Ec,ipse. To ask other readers questions about Eclipse of Reasonplease sign up.

Literary Encyclopedia | Eclipse of Reason

Subjective reason is the kind of reasoning that is used to most efficiently achieve ones goals, whatever they are. Metaphysics is, in general, right to try to engage in some eclipze of synoptic theorizing, although it takes it too far.

German Philosophy in European Philosophy. To be “reasonable” in this context is to be suited to a particular purpose, to be “good for something else”.

Eclipse of Reason Bloomsbury Revelations. Something is rational if it gets me what I want, even if what I want is immoral or against my actual interests. Retrieved from ” https: University of California Press. Horkheimer also talks at length about the subjugation of nature by man and what the implications of this are.

The critique of the sciences developed in the early texts moves along two lines. Another interesting shift is that the critique of metaphysics largely falls out of the picture. But now having finished it and thought about it in writing this review, I think this book is a crucial foundation to understanding totalitarianism and domination in modern society. Alternative Legacies of Cultural CritiqueAlbany: But Horkheimer and other western Marxists, especially in the Frankfurt School which he was a f I decided to read Horkheimer because of his interest in Arthur Schopenhauer, a philosopher usually not dear to those in the Marxist tradition given his intense personal hatred of Hegel and the association with Nietzsche and the Nazis.

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The Political Economy of the Mass Media. As a philosopher he is best known especially in the Anglophone worldfor his work during the s, including Dialectic of Enlightenmentwhich was co-authored with Theodor Adorno.

It is pertinent, along these lines, that he was generally opposed to the radical student movements, and he supported with much qualification the Vietnam War as an attempt to halt the totalitarian movement of Chinese Communism on these points see Stirk— Whether this situation is a necessary phase in rsason general ascent of society as a whole, or whether it will lead to a victorious re-emergence of the neo-barbarism recently defeated on the battlefields, depends at least in part borkheimer our ability to interpret accurately the profound changes now taking place in the public mind and in human nature.

In The Enlightenment it positioned itself — though not initially explicitly — as a challenger to the crown of religion as the hormheimer source of cultural meaning-making. Horkheimer is uncertain if, after this reversal of values, pragmatism can even justly claim to be part of the philosophical tradition. There were segments on how reason was used as a means to an end sometimes for less than benevolent agendahorrkheimer I think is relevant to contemporary issues, even though this was published in Despite the awfulness of the ideas Horkheimer’s work helped found, the book is not bad.

Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Subjective reason separates objective is and ought, fact and value. Fascism imposed order on capitalism which was facing serious challenges by suppressing dissidents in the population, defending the social order at all costs, subordinating reason to will.

Knowledge also becomes a tool of social domination, as human nature becomes demystified and unified with the rest of nature as an object to be controlled.