La bixina se prepara mediante extracción de la cubierta exterior de las semillas de la bija (Bixa orellana L.) con uno o más de los siguientes disolventes. Más de semillas individuales son requeridas para extraer un gramo de bixina. The Bixaceae family The small Bixaceae family contains ¡2. La composición de los extractos obtenidos a partir del arilo de la semilla varía según el método de extracción debido a que la bixina se isomeriza con el calor.

Author: Nizuru Moogubei
Country: Liberia
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Automotive
Published (Last): 3 November 2012
Pages: 117
PDF File Size: 3.51 Mb
ePub File Size: 2.24 Mb
ISBN: 573-4-86580-259-7
Downloads: 93854
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Gozahn

The purpose of the present paper is to review the most recent literature on Bixa orellana L.

Studies on aldose reductasa inhibitors from natural products. Trends Food Sci Tech. As mentioned earlier, B. French Rocou, Roucou, Achiote, Rocouyer. Tocopherols biosynthesis modified from Eitenmiller and Lee There are several forms of the extract from achiote more than any other natural color available for its application on the food and pharmaceutical industries Hendry and Houghton and depends on the nature of the extrcacion which food products are colored Smith Other apocarotenoids present in lower amounts are norbixin, bixin dimethyl ester and byproducts of lycopene degradation Cardarelli et al.

Annatto are native to South America, and are currently mostly in use as a flavouring and food colouring in Central and Northern South America.

Can annatto Bixa orellana L. In vitro scavenging capacity of annatto seed extracts against reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. English Achiote, Lipstick tree. All compounds are shown in their all- trans configuration modified from Giuliano et al. Oil soluble annatto extract Soybean, grapeseed and sunflower oils can be used to extract or dissolve bixin. During the last years, efforts have been made to recover achiote cultivation in the Yucatan Peninsula, where the production of this crop has been important for Mayan cuisine through time.

Water soluble annatto extract consists of the dissociated form of norbixin in an alkaline solution, usually potassium or sodium hydroxide and then acidified with hydrochloric acid for precipitating norbixin.


Using annatto to deepen the colour of chocolate was common in Europe until the Orange or yellow hues can also be obtained with several other plants.

Piura tribe of the Amazon Rainforest prepare a tea with young roots as aphrodisiac, astringent, and to treat skin problems, fever, dysentery and hepatitis. Tocopherols and tocotrienols have a similar chemical structure, a chromanol ring with a hydroxyl group that can donate a hydrogen atom for reducing free radicals. The flowery bixnia of the seeds is caused by a tricyclic sesquiterpene hydrocarbon, ishwarane. To dye or not to dye: Tocopherols and tocotrienols biosynthesis On another hand, it has been documented that achiote B.

Do tocotrienols have potential as neuroprotective dietary factors? Se ha aislado de las hojas: Work has been done to recover germplasm cultivated by producers in the States of Yucatan, Campeche and Quintana Roo. Types of extracts commercial forms of the dye In most of achiote producing countries, the ground seed is commercialized as condiment or colorant for food; whereas in developed countries it is mainly used in the extracion of extracts used as a natural color in the food industry.

Vietnamese Hot dieu mau Ectraccion plant part: The red colour is due to several apocarotenoids located in the seed epidermis, of which bixin 9’Z-6,6′-diapocarotene-6,6′-dioate is the most important. Currently, the use of exrtaccion colorants such as tartrazine Eallura red E or sunset yellow FCF E in food products have been severely questioned in developed countries, since there are reports showing that indiscriminate consumption of these colorants is associated to the development of degenerative illnesses such as some types of cancer Salinas et al.

Today, annatto is also grown on the Philippines introduced by the Spanish. Nowadays, bixin occupies the second place among the main natural colors used worldwide Lauro and Francis ; Giridhar and Parimalan ; Chuyen et al. Mexico Find articles by Fernando Rivera-Cabrera. Gamma-tocotrienol induced apoptosis is associated with unfolded protein response in human breast cancer cells.


++ Achiote – Bixa Orellana L

Journal of Ethnopharmacology ; bixima It has been suggested that these compounds act as antioxidants by protecting the lipid membrane from oxidative damage lipid peroxidation Aggarwal et al. The oil soluble extract contains mainly cis -bixin. From this collection work, 40 accessions were obtained; these accessions have been protected and propagated to characterize them in terms of their bixin and norbixin content. The different proportions of these compounds determine the tone and hue of the food product that is colored Smith Furthermore, several authors have performed studies on genotoxicity and chronic oral toxicity in rats and dogs fed for a year with annatto extracted with water and solvents.

Translation of “La bixina” in English

International commercialization of these extracts is regulated by the quality standards of each country where is commercialized. Annatto extracts may contain different proportions of bixin and norbixin, depending on the extraction process and the temperature used. Food, ethanobotanical and diversified applications of Bixa orellana L.: Besides Philippino bbixina, the cuisines of South East Asia make little use of annatto seeds. Phytochemistry, df,Origin: In most of achiote producing countries, the ground seed is commercialized as condiment or colorant for food; whereas in developed countries it is mainly used in the form of extracts used as a extraccion color in the food industry.

Los extractos obtenidos a partir de la hoja no debe administrarse durante el embarazo ni lactancia. On another hand, it has been documented that achiote B.