ABST. Garbhini Paricharya refers to antenatal care wh. Vihar (normal daily activities) and Vichara (psyc pregnant lady should start from the beginning o. uphold a complete caring plan in this regard called GARBHINI PARICHARYA. In Women’s life,. Sagrbhaavastha (pregnancy) is a special event. Systematic supervision (examination and advice) of a woman during pregnancy is called garbhini paricharya (antenatal care). Supervision.

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Garbhini paricharya or antenatal care is the most important aspect in the whole area of Prasuthi Tantra. This is so because all other aspects depend on this phase. The proper garbhini charya would result in the proper development of the foetus, its delivery, the parichatya of the mother and thus her ability to withstand the strain of labour and have an eventless post-partal phase. The care of the pregnant woman reflects on the quality and health of the offspring For these reasons our aachaaryaas has given a detailed and systematic and monthwise regimen plus a list of do’s and dont’s to be followed in the antenatal phase.

The garbhini paricharya is broadly discussed under three topics: Substances which are beneficial to pregnancy and Garbhopaghaathakara bhaavas: Activities and substances that are harmful This can also be listed as the various parichatya and activities that are prescribed and proscribed, according to their effects on the garbha.

Monthwise dietary regimen As there is a constant development of the embryo there would also be difference in its garbbhini of food and nutrition. Thus the requirements of paricharyaa mother parichraya change. Having understood this change in requirements, the Aayurvedic Aachaaryaas have given in detail the monthwise dietetic regimen. By following these dietetic regimens prescribed, the pregnant woman, having normal development of foetus, remains healthy and delivers a child possessing good health, energy, strength, complexion and voice.

The child would also be sturdy. They are recommended for the pregnant woman right from the first month upto the ninth month of pregnancy.

The maasaanumaasika pathya help in: Softening of placenta aparapelvis, waist, sides of the chest and back Downward movement of vaatha vathaanulomana – this is needed for the normal expulsion of foetus during delivery.

Normalisation of the urine and stool and their elimination with ease Softening of her skin and nails Promotion of strength and complexion Delivery with ease of a healthy child endowed with excellent qualities in proper time. Recommended diet and regimen for various months First Month As psricharya as pregnancy is suspected, the mother should take non-medicated cold milk separately in desired quantity considering her digestive power and strength Congenial food should be taken in the morning and evening.

Massage with oils should be given but rubbing of unguents should be avoided as they would liquify the doshas Cha. Third month In the gadbhini month she garbbhini take milk with honey and ghee Cha. Also during these three months the major parichagya of mass is formed – for this madhura and sheetha veerya substances should be given which help in the formation of the cellular mass and promote growth.

Fourth Month Butter extracted from milk not from curds in the quantity of one aksha approximately 10 grams or milk with the same amount of better should be given Cha.

Cooked shasti a variety of rice with curds, pleasant food, mixed with milk and butter and meat of wild animals Sus. During garbhinl fourth month there is solidification and the development of the limbs.

Garbhini Paricharya (Regimen for the pregnant woman)

So there is more need of solids, and more of solid food is advised. Fifth Month Ghee prepared with butter extracted from milk Ksheera sarpis and food similar to that of the fourth month should be given except that, ghee is given mixed with milk instead of butter.

Sixth Month Ksheera sarpis medicated with the drugs of madhura gana – ghrutha or rice gruel medicated with gokshura Tribulus terrestris should be given in the sixth month. As it is quite common to notice retention of urine, in this phase of pregnancy, madhura gana drugs and gokshura would help as diuretics.

Seventh Month The diet given in the seventh month should be the same as in the sixth month, along with ghee medicated with pruthak parnyaadi Vidaarigandhaadhi group of drugs.

This would help in the proper development of the foetus. Eight Month Before we list out the diet and regimen for the eighth month it would not be out of place to mention the role of vaatha in the process of delivery and how important it is to maintain it. We see that the regimen and diet prescribed are of the nature of controlling vaatha especially the apaana Vaayu.


The functions of apaana Vaayu are “Vaathavinmoothra shukraartava garbha nishkramanaadikriyaaha ” i. Hence to have normal delivery it is very important that we maintain the vaatha and due to this reason we find that towards the last few months of delivery, all efforts are taken to keep the vaatha in an unvitiated state.

As has been said earlier vaatha plays an important role in the delivery of the garbha – thus care is taken to maintain it. For this reason, basthi i. It forms one of the panchakarmas which are the five types of eliminative therapies.

Basthi is broadly of two types – anuvaasana basthi unctuous enema and aasthapana basthi corrective enema. Basthi in general is the therapy of choice to eliminate vitiated vaatha. Anuvaasana basthi or sneha basthi differs from aasthaapana basthi or nirooha basthi by the proportion of the kashaayas decoctions and snehas oils used in preparing the enema.

While anuvaasana has a lesser proportion of Kashaayasthe aasthapana has lesser quantity of sneha. Sushrutha has advised aasthaapana basthi a medicated enema with non unctuous substances like kashaaya with decoction of badari Zizyphus jujube mixed with bala Sida cardifoliaathibala Abutilon indicumshatapushpa Foeniculum vulgarepalaala pasted sesamum seedsmilk, curds, masthu sour buttermilkoil, salt, madanaphala Raundia dumentorum honey and ghrutha and followed by anuvaasana basthi a medicated – unctuous enema with oils medicated with milk and decoction of drugs of madhura group.

These would help in clearing the retained faeces and in vaathaanulomana regulation of vaatha by its downward movement. Ninth Month The pregnant woman should be given anuvaasana basthi with oil prepared with the drugs of madhura group, and also vaginal tampons pichu with the same oil for lubrication of garbhaashaya uterus and prasava maarga birth canal. Daily bath with cold decoctions of vaathahara drugs are also advised. Meat soups with cooked rice and fat or rice gruel mixed with good quantity of fat should be given as diet.

Garbhasthaapaka aushadhi – Substances beneficial for maintenance of pregnancy Garbha sthaapaka dravyas counter act the effect of the garbhopaghathakara bhaavas and help in the proper maintenance of the garbha.

They can also be used in the treatment and prevention of abortion. These are to be used as a routine as they are beneficial for the maintenance of proper health, growth and development of the mother and foetus. Some of the garbhasthaapaka aushadhis are aindri, braahmi Bacopa monnierishathaavari Asparagus racemosusdoorva Cynodon dactylonetc.

These should be taken orally as preparations in milk and ghee. A bath with cold decoction of these drugs should be given during pushya nakshatra. These should be kept in close contact with the mother and can be used as amulets around the right arm and on the head. Drugs of the jeevaneeya gana can also be used in a similar way.

Garbhopghaatha kara bhaavas – Activities harmful to the foetus Garbhopghaatha kara bhaavas are the aahaara and vihaara which are harmful to the garbha foetus. These may cause some congenital defects in the child and are not conducive to the birth of a healthy child, with all the good qualities These can be grouped under two different headings namely aahaara and vihaara.

Aaahaara food to be avoided during pregnancy The pregnant woman should avoid use of intoxicating substances like wine, meat in excessushna hotteekshna sharp katu pungentguru and vishtambhi hard and heavy to digest foods Cha. Vihaaras activities and behaviour to be avoided during pregnancy The pregnant woman should avoid strenuous exercise and coitus both excessive harsh or violent activities, travel in vehicles on uneven road Cha.

Sushrutha has said that – the pregnant woman should totally give up coitus, exercise santarpana satiation or anabolic foods and regimenswapna viparyaya sleeping in the day and keeping awake at nightutkataasana squatting or the posture of sitting on the hams with the soles of feet touching the ground.

She should not parichaarya her natural urges and she should not undergo snehana oleation therapy and rakthamokshana blood letting. Her mind should be always in a pleasant state and she should neither touch nor see unpleasant things of disfigured persons with some physical defects scary objects, nor listen to exciting and scary stories.

It is said that the mental state of the mother can influence the outcome of pregnancy as well as the child to be born.

Antenatal Care by Ayurveda -Garbhini Paricharya – Infoayushdarpan

Hence one is advised to listen to scriptures – in some families the recitation paaraayana of suitable texts such as the Sundara Kandam from the Ramaayana or the tenth skanda of Bhaagavatha is performed routinely.


She should not talk in high pitch and avoid thoughts which would promote her anger or fear – all these physical and mental activities would harm the foetus Sus. Haaritha advices, avoidance of foods which are vidaahi and constipative and vegetables like yam, garlic and onions, Haa.

The author of Yogaratnakara has contra indicated the use of sudation, emesis, kshaara alkalies foods along with polluted food and viruddhaahara.

The effects of the various garbhopagathakarabhaavas have been mentioned as follows: Sleeping in supine position with stretched extremeties would cause the encircling of the umbilical cord around the pzricharya. Indulgence garhhini in sex would cause deformed impudent or lazy child. Over sleeping during pregnancy could result in a child who is sleepy, ignorant and has a weak agni power of digestion.

Garbhini Paricharya

Regular use of wine or other intoxicants would result in a child with a poor memory and an unstable mind. The excessive use of any of the six rasas would cause – urinary disorder, skin and eye disorders, premature aging, infertility emaciation, weakness and disorders like flatulence and eructation respectively.

Dowhrudya One often comes across, varying and erratic likes and dislikes, in a pregnant woman irrespective of the culture or the part of the World she belongs to. These likes and dislikes are peculiar to the state of pregnancy and they vary in vary in each woman. Some of these desires are very strong. The speciality or peculiarity of pariccharya likes and dislikes are that they are very often in contrast to the usual desires of the same woman when she is not pregnant.

Though these symptoms have been mentioned and described, there seems to be no understanding of its actual cause. Aayurveda has a definite understanding of these varied desires and terms the condition as dowhrudyam. The reason for the manifestation of dowhrudyam is the presence of a second hrudaya in the foetus. As such she has two hrudayas one garbhoni her own and the other of the foetus.

She is called a dowhrudini. As the foetus reaches the fifth month the chetna i. This is a gatbhini concept that explains the sudden and abnormal pagicharya and dislikes, that pregnant women may manifest. It is said that these special desires can also help in the assessment of the sex of the child, as they are peculiar to the sex of the unborn baby. According to our Aachaaryaas the foetus grows upto a period of four months the ” chetna” or the life gets associated with the foetus gzrbhini this causes the longings of the mother.

These longings and desires are to be satisfied. Not doing so may cause abnormalities of the foetus like dwarfism. These desires are not always beneficial, and may prove harmful to the foetus even when fulfilled. In such cases pparicharya should use one’s “yukthi” of power of reasoning, so as to fulfill her desire and at the same time render it parichqrya.

Some suggestions in this regard are as follows: Desire for charcoal and ash can be fulfilled by taking burnt aamalaki alone or in combination with harithaki Terminalia chebula and vibhithak i Terminalia bellerica. Desire for clay, mud and brick can be replaced by gairika red ochre fried in ghee.

Desires of the mother are said to have some relationship with the character of the child. It is said that if a women desires to see a king, she will have a son who becomes prosperous etc. Indriyaarthaasthu yaan yaan saa bhokthum icchathi garbhinee, garbhaabaadha bhayaat thaamsthaan bhishagaahrutya dopayet, saa praaptadowhruda puthram garbbini gunaan vitham, alabhdha dowhrudaa garbhe labhetaamani vaa bhayam yeshu yeshu indriyaartheshu dowhrude vai vimaananaa, prajaayet suthasyaarthisthasminsthathendriye.

The physician who wishes for the well being of the mother and the foetus should satisfy all the desires of the mother related to all the five sense organs. This is so because, the lady whose dowhrudam special desires is fulfilled will beget a healthy child and if it is not fulfilled either she or gsrbhini child would be affected. The sense organs which are not satisfied during pregnancy would result parichwrya some defect or abnormality physical or functional or the corresponding organ in the child Sus.

It is described as the seat of the mind, the objects of mind, pariccharya faculties, five objects of senses, consciousness and the soul together with its qualities like happiness etc. Local Practices There are various practices garbhink in the rural areas including tribal areaswhich have a rationale in Aayurveda.