Get this from a library! La cuestión étnica: algunos problemas teórico- metodológicos. [Rodolfo Stavenhagen]. La Cuestión Étnica. Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas. Conflictos étnicos y estado nacional. Entre la ley y la costumbre: el derecho. Rodolfo Stavenhagen, sociólogo, investigador y profesor emérito del La cuestión étnica, Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas.
|Country:||Moldova, Republic of|
|Published (Last):||21 June 2016|
|PDF File Size:||14.90 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||8.20 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Other programs target entire communities considered to be indigenous CDIthus providing little incentive for individuals to claim an indigenous identity. Amazon Inspire Digital Educational Resources. We cuestikn not know whether each particular child attends an indigenous school.
To control for the effect of intermarriage I therefore include as a predictor the indigenous identification of the other parent in the regression models for both indigenous mothers and fathers.
Why Islam is Like Spanish: The ability and willingness of parents to classify their children in a different category as themselves will depend on the exact criteria for ethnic classification. It is perhaps even more surprising that indigenous parents with higher socioeconomic status choose to identify their children as indigenous at higher rates than parents of lower socioeconomic status since the former have more to lose by doing so. Only English by the Third Generation? Indigenous schools are administered by the Mexican Ministry of Public Education.
Similarly, the presence of indigenous language schools appears to increase indigenous language maintenance among children of indigenous parents, but not their odds of being classified as indigenous based on proxy self-identification.
Some boundaries will be more difficult to cross because they entail characteristics that typically do not change within a generation.
Moreover, because an indigenous identity creates an impediment to entry into the middle and upper classes Colby and van den Berghe ; Pitt-Rivers ; Nutiniupwardly mobile individuals may have a particular desire for themselves and their children to be considered as non-indigenous, which would lead to a systematic shift away from the indigenous category with greater parental socioeconomic status. As explained in the methodological section below, I am therefore able to ensure that information regarding the ethnic self-identification of parents and their children in the study is provided by the parents themselves.
The Role of Individual and Social Characteristics. Amazon Second Chance Pass it on, trade it in, give it a second life. Open in a separate window.
At a more practical level, language proficiency is also more likely to capture the most disadvantaged segment of the indigenous population, and could therefore be useful in targeting social programs.
La Jornada: Falleció Rodolfo Stavenhagen, constructor de instituciones
Such movement complicates the analysis of social disparities, particularly if the odds of crossing the racial and ethnic boundaries are systematically related to the outcomes being measured.
Using data from national household surveys, for example, Schwartzman demonstrates that Brazilian children of parents with higher levels of education tend to be classified in whiter categories.
This method of ethnic classification is therefore best described as one based on proxy self-identification. Ethnic Groups in Conflict. In contrast to the percentage of indigenous rodoolfo speakers, which generally declines for younger age groups, the relation between the percentage of individuals classified as indigenous using proxy self-identification and age is curvilinear.
Due to the subjective nature of judgments about physical appearance, these rovolfo categories are characterized by a high degree of ambiguity. The greater loss of indigenous language proficiency among children of parents with higher educational attainment is in some ways not surprising.
Similar authors to follow
Indigenous parents with higher levels of education were hypothesized to be more exposed to the new multicultural agenda promoted by the Mexican state. Government assistance programs are also largely need-based, rather than targeted at specific ethnic groups.
The results indicate a statistically significant disadvantage in schooling for indigenous children according to both systems of classification. Assimilation and Contemporary Immigration. New York University Press; The Sociology of Language: Race and the Census in Modern Politics. Indigenous Peoples and the State in Latin America: Race in Another America: Introducing the educational attainment of both parents as separate predictors in the models may result in estimation problems since they are strongly correlated due to the high levels of educational homogamy in Latin American countries such as Mexico Torche Only one child from each mother and each father is chosen at random to avoid overweighing population groups with higher fertility rates.
Thus, including children who are much older could result in selection stavenhaen. Children of indigenous parents are much less likely to be classified as indigenous according to language proficiency, especially when their parents have higher levels of education.
Statistical models are frequently used, for example, to examine the differences in educational attainment, occupational status and income between individuals in different racial and ethnic categories, and to apportion the dtnica into various explanatory factors e. Percent classified as indigenous based on language proficiency and proxy self-identification by age group. Eschbach, Supple and Snipp find that the increase in the tendency to self-report as Native American in the U.
University of Texas Press;